Babies are scheduled to receive vaccinations during their 2-month appointment. Learn more about the 2-month vaccines and rare side effects. Having a 2-month old is an exciting time full of developmental milestones. Your baby may be starting to coo, smile, and notice their hands. Regular wellness checks are important to ensure your infant is on track with their health, growth, and
Having a 2-month old is an exciting time full of developmental milestones. Your baby may be starting to coo, smile, and notice their hands. Regular wellness checks are important to ensure your infant is on track with their health, growth, and development.
Babies are usually scheduled to receive vaccinations at their 2-month wellness check. This article discusses recommended vaccinations, possible side effects, and how to comfort infants during and after their appointment.
The following are milestones that 2-month old babies often reach:
While babies are born with a fairly strong immune system, there are some diseases that can be severe and are hard to fight on their own. Vaccinations are given to help their immune system prevent these diseases.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends an immunization schedule that includes six vaccinations for 2-month old babies.
Most vaccinations are given as a shot. However, the rotavirus vaccine (RV) is given by mouth through liquid drops.
Vaccinations may also be referred to as:
During the appointment, you can help your baby by:
After the appointment, you can comfort your baby by:
The DTaP vaccination is given in five doses. The first dose begins at 2-months and the final at 4-6 years old. DTaP helps prevent the following diseases:
Both the DTaP and Tdap are vaccines that protect against the same diseases. The first five doses given are the DTaP. Tdap is the booster given around 11 years or older.
Haemophilus influenzae type B (Hib) is often confused with seasonal influenza (flu) because of their similar names. However, these are two different diseases. Seasonal influenza is a virus, while Hib is a bacteria that can cause:
Between 1989 and 2000, Hib rates in the United States dropped by 99% due to vaccinations.
In the late 1940s, polio was a highly feared disease that caused paralysis. After polio vaccinations, infections in the U.S. decreased dramatically.
Children in the U.S. get a shot called an inactivated polio vaccine (IPV). Other countries may use an oral polio vaccine (OPV).
IPV is given over four doses at the following ages:
No cases of polio have originated in the U.S since 1979. In 1993 one case came into the country through travel. Healthcare providers may choose to increase the pace of polio vaccines for children traveling to a high-risk country.
The pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) protects against a bacterial infection that causes ear or sinus infections, meningitis, and pneumonia.
The PCV vaccine is given in four doses at the following ages:
Streptococcus pneumoniae or pneumococcus are bacteria that cause pneumococcal disease. Immunization against these diseases is important because they can be invasive and severe.
Hepatitis B is a potentially serious viral infection that causes damage to the liver. It is passed through body fluids or from mother to baby. The hepatitis B vaccine (HBV) is given in three doses at the following ages:
Moms can have hepatitis B without symptoms and unknowingly pass it to their babies at birth. This is why infants usually receive the first dose within the first 12 hours of their life.
Rotavirus (RV) is a gastrointestinal virus that causes stomach pain, severe vomiting, diarrhea, and dehydration (loss of fluid). The RV vaccination is given as drops in the mouth.
There are two brands of this vaccine. One brand is given at 2- and 4-months-old. The other brand includes a third dose given at 6-months-old.
If babies experience side effects after vaccines they are usually mild.
The most common side effects include:
Less common side effects include:
Severe side effects or allergic reactions are very rare. If you are concerned about this possibility, talk to your healthcare provider before the appointment.
To help minimize mild reactions, you can try the following:
Motrin or Advil (ibuprofen) is usually not given to babies less than 6-months-old. Tylenol (acetaminophen) is safe for infants 2-months-old and up with approval from their healthcare provider. Children should not receive aspirin unless directed by their healthcare provider.
If your baby has any of the following symptoms, contact their healthcare provider:
If you think your infant is having a life-threatening emergency or any of the following rare reactions, call 911 immediately:
Vaccinations are usually given at an infant’s 2-month wellness visit to help protect them from preventable diseases. You can help comfort your baby by holding them and offering them their favorite blanket, pacifier, or toy. Vaccination side effects are generally mild and can be treated at home to ease any discomfort.
Parents are often concerned about their infants having reactions to vaccinations. While mild reactions to vaccinations may occur, severe reactions are very rare. Don’t be shy about talking to your healthcare provider if you have any concerns. Overall, the benefits of vaccinations (and being vaccinated early in life) far outweigh the risks.
For babies less than 3-months old it’s best to have approval from your healthcare provider before giving Tylenol (acetaminophen). Once approved, the dosage is calculated based on a concentration of 160 milligrams of Tylenol per 5 milliliters. The usual dosage is 1.25 milliliters for babies weighing 6-11 pounds.
Write down questions you have and bring available shot records with you. It’s also helpful to pack your baby’s favorite toy, pacifier, or blanket to comfort them during the visit.