Coats disease, which involves leaky abnormal retinal blood vessels, usually affects young boys. It can often lead to partial vision loss in one eye. Coats disease is a rare disorder in which abnormal vessels develop within the light-sensitive retina at the back of the eye. This condition is usually detected in the first decade of life. While it's not clear exactly why, it can cause fluid to leak
Coats disease is a rare disorder in which abnormal vessels develop within the light-sensitive retina at the back of the eye. This condition is usually detected in the first decade of life. While it's not clear exactly why, it can cause fluid to leak from the blood vessel walls into and beneath the retina and damage it.
In nearly all cases (90%), Coats disease affects only one eye. It also primarily affects males (70% to 90% of cases). While most of those impacted are children, it can affect people up until around age 80.
This article will examine the potential causes of Coats disease, how it is diagnosed, the treatment options available, and more.
Detecting Coats disease may initially come down to symptoms, including:
After an eye exam, an ophthalmologist (eye doctor) may also mention clinical signs such as:
Unfortunately, the cause of Coats disease is unknown. While Coats disease is not considered an inherited condition, there is some evidence that a mutation of a gene known as the Norrie disease protein (NDP) may be involved. This protein plays a key role in retinal blood vessel development. While this was shown to be a real possibility by one study, further research has not been able to substantiate this.
To diagnose Coats disease, an ophthalmologist needs to evaluate the eyes. After giving a detailed history, here are some tests you can expect to undergo, such as:
Coats disease can be progressive, and patients may be treated to slow this progression. The earlier this can be stopped, the better.
Potential treatments include:
Understanding the prognosis for someone with Coats disease means weighing certain factors. In general, the younger the person, the more aggressive the disease.
When Coats disease occurs in someone under age 3, it suggests that the disease is likely to be more aggressive. Likewise, in cases in which Coats disease is identified years later, it's generally not as severe.
There are five stages of Coats disease. The earlier it is identified, the more opportunity there is to treat it effectively. The five stages include:
Coats disease is often diagnosed in children. This can bring up many normal emotions. Learn as much as you can about the condition to empower yourself. The more you know, the more proactive you can be.
Remember, this is not a life-threatening condition, and there are several treatments that can help. Even with severe vision loss, only one eye is affected in most cases.
With a condition such as Coats disease, it can be helpful to reach out to other families who are already dealing with this and who understand what you are going through.
Coats disease generally is diagnosed in one eye in male children under the age of 10. This condition involves abnormal blood vessels that leak onto the retina causing vision loss. Fortunately, there are treatments to help keep this from happening.
The prognosis here tends to depend on the age of the person diagnosed and the stage at which it is identified. If you have this condition or have a child who does, the more you know about Coats disease the more empowered you can be.
Fortunately, a lot is known about Coats disease. While it can affect the retina and cause vision loss, if caught early, there are several treatments that can work to keep this in check and help to preserve vision. It can also be useful to reach out to others who have been affected by this condition.