The prefrontal cortex is an important part of your brain. Learn more about its anatomy, location, and function. The prefrontal cortex is an important part of your brain. It is at the front of the frontal lobe, which is immediately behind the forehead. It affects your behavior, personality, and ability to plan. This article will explain more about the anatomy,
The prefrontal cortex is an important part of your brain. It is at the front of the frontal lobe, which is immediately behind the forehead. It affects your behavior, personality, and ability to plan. This article will explain more about the anatomy, location, and function of the prefrontal cortex.
The prefrontal cortex (PFC) is connected to many other parts of the brain and is able to send and receive information. The prefrontal cortex is divided into these two parts:
The prefrontal cortex is involved in many brain functions. One of the most important is executive function, or the ability to self-regulate and plan ahead. Examples of executive function include:
The prefrontal cortex also affects your personality. A historical example of what happens when a person’s prefrontal cortex is damaged occurred in the mid-1800s. When railroad worker Phineas Gage’s prefrontal cortex was damaged by a metal rod going through his skull, he survived, but his personality changed. He became impulsive and lost the ability to plan.
Damage to the prefrontal cortex can happen from:
When the prefrontal cortex is damaged, it may cause the following conditions:
If you have damage to the prefrontal cortex or another condition that is affecting it, your healthcare provider may start with a physical exam and a mental status exam. These tests will help them evaluate your thinking and rule out other conditions.
To check your brain, a healthcare provider may order the following tests:
The prefrontal cortex is found in front of the frontal lobe of the brain. It affects your behavior, personality, and executive function. When the prefrontal cortex is damaged, it can cause changes to how you think and behave.
It is important to remember that you may not always notice changes in your behavior or thinking. Your friends and loved ones are more likely to point out that something is wrong.
Even if you think everything is fine, it is worth having a conversation with your healthcare provider and checking on your brain health. It is better to catch problems earlier and get treatment.
Yes, the prefrontal cortex grows as a person matures from childhood to early adulthood. It is one of the last parts of the brain to develop completely.
In general, the prefrontal cortex is considered fully developed by the age of 25. This is why car insurance companies charge higher rates until a person turns 25 because they are high-risk drivers. They explain that the prefrontal cortex is involved in risk-taking and decision-making, which are both important for driving.
A person may lose executive function if the prefrontal cortex is damaged. They may still be able to do some tasks and even work, but they will have trouble planning and controlling their behavior.
Yes, it is possible for a person to survive without a prefrontal cortex. However, not having this portion of the brain will have an enormous impact on their ability to reason, plan ahead, control behavior, and solve problems. A person’s ability to have social relationships would also be affected severely.