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What Is Enterococcus Faecalis (E. faecalis)?

Enterococcus faecalis is a type of bacteria that lives harmlessly in the digestive tract, oral cavity, and vaginal tract but can be...

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What Are Helminths?

Tapeworms, flatworms, and roundworms are helminths. They feed off of their hosts’ body, causing symptoms like abdominal cramping and diarrhea....

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What You Should Know About Endocarditis

Your heart can get an infection, too. Most who get this type of infection have been at risk for a long time. Some don't know. Learn more....

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What Is Yellow Fever?

Yellow fever is a viral illness spread by mosquitos endemic to Africa and South America. Reviewed by a board-certified infectious disease physician....

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Bloody Diarrhea Caused by E. Coli

Learn about E. coli O157: H7, a common cause of foodborne outbreaks, causing hemorrhagic colitis, characterized by bloody diarrhea. Although not...

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Infectious Diseases by Name

Learn the details about the different infectious disease, including where they're prominent, how to protect yourself, and what to do if you do...

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Overview of the Usutu Virus

Mosquitoes are capable of spreading multiple viruses, including a little known virus named Usutu that has been in Africa and parts of Europe. The...

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What Is Tetanus?

Tetanus is a life-threatening condition caused by bacterial toxins affecting the nerves, causing lockjaw. Reviewed by a board-certified physician....

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An Overview of Hookworm

Hookworm is an intestinal parasite that can cause malnourishment and anemia, especially in young children. It disproportionately impacts poorer...

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Screwworm Is the Parasite Found in Paradise

The Florida Keys recently experienced screwworm, which affects livestock and can harm economies. Between palm trees, Bambi deer, sandy beaches, and...

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An Overview of Hospital-Acquired MRSA (HA-MRSA)

Find out about symptoms of MRSA associated with hospital settings, treatment options, and tips for prevention. Hospital-acquired...

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An Overview of Typhoid Fever

Typhoid fever, caused by the bacteria Salmonella Typhi, can lead to high fever and flu-like symptoms that may progress to life-threatening...

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An Overview of Staphylococcus Aureus Food Poisoning

Staph food poisoning occurs when you eat something contaminated with toxins made by the bacterium. It causes symptoms like explosive vomiting and...

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An Overview of Epstein-Barr Virus

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infects most adults. It can cause mononucleosis and is linked to other conditions. Reviewed by a board-certified physician....

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What to Eat When You Have Clostridium Difficile (C. Diff)

A Clostridium difficile (C. diff) infection may benefit from a diet to manage the diarrhea symptoms. Find out which foods are recommended, and why....

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The Spread of Waterborne Illnesses

Although the U.S. has good sanitation and infrastructure, waterborne illnesses can still spread. Here's a closer look at types of waterborne...

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Symptoms of Yellow Fever

Yellow fever symptoms include high fever, jaundice, nausea and vomiting, body aches, fatigue, and, in severe cases, potentially fatal organ damage....

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Symptoms of Toxoplasmosis

While symptoms of toxoplasmosis tend to be mild with muscle pain, fever, fatigue, and headache, it can turn serious during pregnancy or if you have...

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How Yellow Fever Is Diagnosed

If you suspect you have yellow fever, you'll need to get tested and diagnosed by a doctor. Expect to test for lots of similar illnesses, as well....

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Symptoms of Chagas Disease

Chagas disease symptoms initially involve a flu-like illness, then decades later can produce severe heart disease or gastrointestinal disease. The...

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How Chagas Disease Is Treated

Acute Chagas disease is treated with antitrypanosomal drugs; with late Chagas, treatment is aimed at the cardiac and gastrointestinal consequences....

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Causes and Risk Factors of Chagas Disease

Chagas disease is caused by an infection with Trypanosoma cruzi. The damage done by the infection depends on many different factors. Chagas disease...

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Mumps: Signs, Symptoms, and Complications

Painfully swollen salivary glands, fever, and headache are common symptoms of mumps, and it may cause complications like hearing loss or orchitis....

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How West Nile Virus Infections Are Diagnosed

Diagnosing an infection with West Nile Virus requires clinical suspicion combined with specific testing of blood or body fluids. Specialized blood...

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How West Nile Virus Infections Are Treated

Treating West Nile virus infections largely involves supportive care. Prevention is the most important step. Vaccines are under development. The...

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How Cholera Is Diagnosed

Cholera is primarily diagnosed through conducting a lab culture or, in some instances, a rapid test. On your part, giving a sample is fairly simple....

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How Cholera Is Treated

Treatment for cholera primarily consists of rehydration therapies, but antibiotics and zinc are sometimes used in severe cases and found to be...

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Causes and Risk Factors of Toxoplasmosis

Toxoplasmosis is often caused by contact with contaminated food or cat feces, but there are risks in pregnancy and for people with HIV. Toxoplasmosis...

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